The Top 5 JavaScript Frameworks Of 2024

Jerry Wallis
20 min read
With options like React.js, Vue.js, Angular, Node.js, and Express.js out there catering to various needs, a careful evaluation of project requirements and considerations of scalability, performance, and developer experience is required to choose the "best" JS framework for you.
Javascript frameworks being coded by a web developer in a laptop

JavaScript is still the go-to programming language for web developers, and with that comes the arduous task of selecting the right framework to guide your web development project.

With an abundance of JavaScript frameworks available, it’s essential to understand the strengths and capabilities of each framework to make an informed decision. 

But what is a JavaScript framework anyway?

A JavaScript framework is essentially a pre-written collection of JavaScript code that provides developers with a structured set of tools, libraries, and conventions to streamline the process of building web applications. These frameworks offer reusable components, modules, and functionalities, allowing developers to create interactive and dynamic web experiences more efficiently. Examples of popular JavaScript frameworks include React, Angular, Vue.js, and Ember.js.

In this article, we’ll delve into the 5 best JavaScript frameworks in the industry today—React. js, Vue.js, Angular, Node.js, and Express. js—providing a detailed overview of each and highlighting their key features and specific use cases.


Developed by Facebook, React.js has emerged as one of the most popular JavaScript libraries for building dynamic user interfaces. But, what exactly is React.js and why was this framework developed?

What Is React.js?

React.js, an open-source JavaScript library pioneered by Facebook, simplifies the intricate process of building interactive user interfaces. Picture a user interface crafted with React as a collection of components, each responsible for outputting reusable HTML code snippets.

React.js’ component-based architecture and virtual DOM make it exceptionally efficient for rendering large datasets and managing state changes. 

React’s declarative syntax simplifies the process of building interactive UI components, while its robust ecosystem of tools and libraries, including Redux and React Router, further enhances its capabilities. 

Understanding Key React.js Concepts

Flexibility in Development

In contrast to other frameworks, React.js offers developers the freedom to implement coding conventions and file organisation as per their preferences. Its flexible nature allows developers to integrate React seamlessly, whether for a single button or a complete application interface.

Building Blocks of User Interface: Reusable Components

In React, development revolves around creating reusable components, akin to independent Lego blocks. These components, when assembled, form the entirety of an application’s user interface, promoting modularity and maintainability.

How React.js Is Great For Optimising Application Performance

Handling the View Layer Efficiently

React.js serves as the cornerstone for handling the view layer of applications, akin to the ‘V’ in the model-view-controller (MVC) pattern. By breaking down complex UIs into reusable components, React optimises rendering execution, combining JavaScript’s speed and efficiency with a more effective method of DOM manipulation.

Revolutionising Web Loading Patterns

Traditional web loading patterns involve back-and-forth requests between the client and server for each webpage or resource access, leading to redundant loading and poor user experiences, especially for data-driven websites. React introduces the concept of single-page applications (SPAs), minimising page reloads and enhancing user experience through client-side routing.

Leveraging Virtual DOM for Enhanced Performance

React relies on a virtual DOM, a copy of the actual DOM, to efficiently update UI components without rendering the entire page. This approach enables React to quickly reflect changes in data state, optimising rendering and enhancing user interface responsiveness.

Illustrating React.js in Action: Real-world Examples

Facebook: Pioneering React Implementation

Facebook showcases React.js’ prowess by streamlining real-time features like likes, comments, and status updates. With a modular approach, React adapts seamlessly to Facebook’s evolving interface, catering to over 2.8 billion monthly active users.

Instagram: Elevating User Engagement with React

Instagram’s web experience epitomises React.js’ capabilities, orchestrating interactive elements seamlessly. From image uploads to direct messages, React facilitates swift and intricate user interactions, contributing to an elegant and user-friendly interface.

Netflix: Transforming Complexity Of Content Streaming into Intuitive User Experience

Netflix leverages React.js to transform complex data into an intuitive user experience. Through seamless browsing and booking processes, React components work harmoniously, providing users with a seamless journey through the platform.

Other Notable Applications Harnessing React.js

Prominent applications like Reddit, Uber, Airbnb, The New York Times, Khan Academy, Codecademy, SoundCloud, Discord, and WhatsApp Web utilise React.js for enhanced user experiences.

Expanding Horizons –  React Beyond Web Development

React.js is an excellent choice for building single-page applications (SPAs), progressive web apps (PWAs), and mobile applications with React Native.

But in recent years, React.js has evolved to enable the development of native mobile applications using React Native and desktop applications using Electron.js, further expanding its applicability and impact in the development sphere.


Vue.js, often referred to as the ‘progressive’ framework, stands out for its incremental adoption approach in software development. Unlike many JavaScript frameworks, Vue.js focuses on providing the essential features required for building user interfaces (UIs) and single-page applications (SPAs), without overwhelming developers with excessive features.

What is Vue.js?

Vue.js is a progressive JavaScript framework known for its simplicity, versatility, and gentle learning curve. Developed by Evan You, Vue.js offers a balanced approach to building interactive web interfaces, combining reactive data binding, component-based architecture, and a rich set of features. 

Designed to be lightweight yet powerful, Vue.js adopts a model-view-view model (MVVM) architecture, separating business logic from UI elements for enhanced maintainability and ease of development.

Key Concepts of Vue.js

Core Principles: Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM)

Vue.js follows the MVVM architectural pattern, where the model represents business logic, the view represents the graphical UI, and the view model acts as a liaison, facilitating communication between the model and view. This clear separation promotes intuitive development practices for both front-end and back-end developers.

What Are The Advantages of Vue.js?

Incremental Adoption and Simplified Development

Vue.js, known for its ‘incrementally adoptable’ nature, offers a seamless transition into development, allowing developers to start small and scale as needed. With its core library based on CSS, HTML, and JavaScript, Vue.js provides a straightforward foundation for web development projects of any scale.

Extensive Official Libraries

Vue.js provides comprehensive official libraries for additional functionality, covering essential aspects like routing and state management. Vue Router and Vuex serve as dedicated libraries for routing and state management, ensuring robust support for building complex applications.

Enhanced Performance with Fast Renderization

Thanks to its lightweight package size of only 21 KBs and efficient virtual DOM implementation, Vue.js boasts fast renderization, outperforming many competing frameworks. The virtual DOM allows for efficient synchronisation of changes, minimising performance bottlenecks associated with updating the actual DOM.

Gentle Learning Curve

Vue.js offers a gentle learning curve, requiring minimal background knowledge of libraries and JavaScript variations. Its compatibility with popular code editors further simplifies the development process, making Vue.js accessible to developers of all skill levels.

Vue’s intuitive syntax and comprehensive documentation make it accessible to developers of all skill levels, while its performance optimisations and ecosystem of plugins ensure scalability and flexibility. 

Supportive Community

Backed by a dedicated community, Vue.js offers ample support through various platforms like Discord, forums, and Stack Overflow. With over 72,000 questions tagged ‘vue.js’ on Stack Overflow and a growing community of GitHub members, Vue.js users benefit from a collaborative environment for learning and troubleshooting.

What Can You Do With Vue.js?

Prototyping with Vue.js

Vue.js excels in prototyping, offering a user-friendly environment for creating mockups and demonstrating website functionalities before full-scale development.

Building UI Projects

Vue.js simplifies UI project development with its compatibility with standard HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, coupled with its small learning curve and fast rendering capabilities.

Enhancing Existing Applications

Vue.js seamlessly integrates with existing JavaScript projects, offering added functionality and compatibility with various back-end technologies like Laravel, Express.js, Django, and Ruby on Rails.

Mobile App Development with Vue.js

While Vue.js lacks native support for mobile app development, projects like Capacitor and NativeScript facilitate cross-platform mobile app development, leveraging Vue.js alongside JavaScript for efficient development.

Developing Single-Page Applications (SPAs)

Vue.js is well-suited for building SPAs, offering a simplified approach to web development by dynamically updating content without page refreshes, thereby enhancing user experience and performance.

Vue.js in the Tech Stack: Real-world Examples

Trustpilot: Enhancing User Review Experience with Vue.js

Trustpilot, a platform for authentic user reviews, relies on Vue.js for its user interface, showcasing Vue.js scalability and versatility in delivering engaging user experiences.

Trivago: Interactive Travel Planning with Vue.js

Trivago utilises Vue.js alongside React for its interactive and responsive UI, highlighting Vue.js’s compatibility with diverse tech stacks and its ability to enhance user engagement in travel planning.

Accenture: Vue.js in Multinational Consulting

Accenture, a multinational Fortune 500 company, incorporates Vue.js into its front-end technology stack, demonstrating Vue.js’s adoption across diverse industries for efficient development and client solutions.

Statista: Streamlining Data Access with Vue.js

Statista, a leading online database for consumer and market data, harnesses Vue.js for its front end, facilitating seamless data access and navigation for users worldwide.


Angular, developed and maintained by Google, is a powerful JavaScript framework designed for building complex, enterprise-grade applications. But, what exactly is it, and what can you do with it? Let’s find that out!

What Is Angular.js?

Angular.js, an open-source JavaScript framework developed by Google, offers a structured approach to building single-page applications. It leverages TypeScript, enhancing developer productivity and enabling the creation of maintainable, large-scale applications.

Frameworks like Angular.js streamline web development by providing a consistent structure, saving developers time and effort. Its robust features, such as modularity, testability, and productivity enhancements, make it an ideal choice for front-end development.

Key Features & Concepts of Angular.js

Document Object Model (DOM): Angular.js utilises a regular DOM, updating the entire HTML tree structure efficiently.

TypeScript: Offering enhanced readability and maintainability, TypeScript simplifies JavaScript coding within Angular applications.

Data Binding: Angular.js facilitates seamless two-way data binding, ensuring synchronisation between model and UI states.

Testing: Built-in support for the Jasmine testing framework empowers developers to create robust test suites for their Angular applications.

Understanding Angular.js Architecture

Angular.js follows a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture, providing clear guidelines for application structure and facilitating bi-directional data flow. Key architectural elements include modules, components, templates, metadata, services, and dependency injection.

With its opinionated architecture and comprehensive set of tools, Angular provides developers with everything they need to create scalable, maintainable applications, including robust data binding, dependency injection, and modularisation. 

What Can You Do With Angular.js?

Angular’s CLI (Command Line Interface) streamlines the development process, while its extensive documentation and strong community support make it suitable for large-scale projects. Angular is best suited for building enterprise applications, progressive web apps (PWAs), and complex UIs requiring extensive functionality and testing.

Pros and Cons of Angular.js

Advantages of Angular.js

Custom Components: Angular.js empowers developers to create reusable components, enhancing code organisation and maintainability.

Data Binding: Simplifying data manipulation and event handling, Angular.js accelerates development workflows.

Dependency Injection: Modular services improve testability and reusability within Angular applications.

Comprehensive Solutions: Angular.js offers built-in solutions for server communication, routing, and more, streamlining development processes.

Browser Compatibility: Cross-platform compatibility ensures seamless performance across various browsers and operating systems.

Limitations Of Angular.js

Steep Learning Curve: Mastering Angular.js requires familiarity with a range of concepts and technologies, posing a challenge for beginners.

Limited SEO Options: Angular.js may present limitations in terms of search engine optimisation (SEO) and accessibility.

Migration Challenges: Upgrading Angular.js versions and migrating legacy code can be complex and time-consuming.

Verbose Nature: The framework’s verbosity and complexity may pose challenges for developers accustomed to simpler front-end tools.

Real-World Use Case Examples Of Angular.js

Despite its notable limitations, Angular.js remains a preferred choice for building robust, scalable web applications. With its powerful features, and comprehensive solutions, top-tier companies like Google and Nike are relying on Angular.js to be an integral component of their front-end development technology stack. 


Node.js transcends the realm of ordinary server-side programming languages. It encompasses a complete environment and library that empowers the execution of web applications beyond the confines of a user’s browser. 

By leveraging Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine at its core, Node.js simplifies complex tasks while retaining their full potency, paving the way for a myriad of possibilities in real-time, event-driven services.

What Is Node.js?

Node.js is a runtime environment that allows developers to run JavaScript code on the server side, enabling the development of scalable, high-performance web applications. 

With its event-driven architecture and non-blocking I/O operations, Node.js excels at handling concurrent connections and processing large volumes of data in real time. 

Origin and Evolution of Node.js

Node.js emerged in response to the limitations of existing web servers in managing high-volume concurrent connections required by modern applications. 

Conceived by Ryan Dahl in 2009, Node.js unified development around JavaScript, enabling developers to create versatile products with unparalleled user engagement potential. Since its inception, Node.js has evolved to support multiple platforms, with significant collaborations leading to its widespread adoption in the tech industry.

How Node.js Is Different From Other JavaScript Frameworks

Developers harness Node.js as a singular “stack” to streamline the process of building and maintaining websites, thereby allocating more time towards pivotal business objectives. 

Unlike conventional software solutions, Node.js operates as an open-source platform, facilitating continuous updates from a burgeoning community without financial constraints. Additionally, Node.js operates independently at runtime, eliminating dependencies on frameworks or libraries.

Leveraging Lightweight Flexibility

Node.js furnishes developers with a runtime environment that offers lightweight flexibility and seamless deployment. The availability of robust Web APIs grants access to potent coding capabilities, seamlessly integrating into application projects to optimise performance and expedite progress.

If you want to learn more about the benefits and drawbacks of Node.js in detail, then head over to our in-depth guide on Node.js.

What Can You Do With Node.Js?

Node’s package ecosystem, npm (Node Package Manager), provides access to a vast repository of open-source libraries and modules, making it easy to integrate with other technologies and frameworks. Node.js is ideal for building APIs, microservices, real-time applications, and server-side rendering for universal JavaScript applications.

Node.js in Action: Real-world Use Cases

Trello: Leveraging Node.js To Optimise Project Management

Node.js facilitated instant propagation updates and prototype development for Trello’s event-driven, non-blocking server capabilities, optimising user experience and application performance.

Walmart : Powering The eCommerce Side Of Their Business Through Node.js

Walmart capitalised on Node.js’s asynchronous I/O and single-threaded event loop models to transform its mobile app, enhancing customer experience and streamlining operations.

LinkedIn: Providing Networking Opportunities At Speed With Node.js

LinkedIn achieved remarkable speed enhancements by transitioning to Node.js, resulting in a 2-10 times faster application with a lightweight design, revolutionising mobile app development.

NASA: Accelerating Space Data Consolidation via Node.js

NASA utilised Node.js to consolidate data from disparate locations, reducing access times from 28 to just 7 steps, thereby streamlining processes and enhancing operational efficiency.


Express.js, the backbone of Node.js backend development, is not just another framework; it’s a robust ecosystem designed to streamline the process of building scalable and efficient backend applications. Let’s delve into the world of Express.js and uncover its key features and functionalities.

What Is Express.js?

Express.js is a minimalist web application framework for Node.js, designed to simplify the process of building web servers and APIs. With its lightweight, unopinionated structure, Express.js provides developers with the flexibility to design and organise their applications according to their specific requirements. 

Despite its minimalist approach, Express.js offers a robust set of features, including routing, middleware support, and template engines, making it suitable for building both simple and complex web applications. 

Understanding Express.js – A Closer Look at the Framework

Express.js, often referred to simply as “Express,” is a minimalist and fast backend framework for Node.js. It provides developers with a powerful set of tools for handling HTTP requests and responses, routing, middleware, and more. 

With its Sinatra-like design, Express.js offers a lightweight yet comprehensive solution for building enterprise-ready applications.

The MEVN Stack – A Staple In Dynamic Web Development

The MEVN stack, consisting of MongoDB, Express.js, Vue.js, and Node.js, is a powerful JavaScript software stack for developing dynamic websites and web applications. Express.js serves as the default web applications framework in this stack, providing developers with the necessary tools to build robust backend systems.

What Can You Do With Express.js?

Express.js is versatile and can be used for a wide range of applications, including:

Single-Page Applications (SPAs)

Express.js is an excellent framework for building APIs that connect single-page applications, such as Gmail, Netflix, and PayPal. Its robust routing system and middleware support make it ideal for serving data to SPAs seamlessly.

Real-Time Collaboration Tools

With Express.js, developers can create real-time networking applications, including chat and dashboard applications. Its integration with WebSocket makes it easy to develop collaborative tools with minimal effort.

Streaming Applications

Express.js is well-suited for building scalable and efficient streaming applications, such as Netflix for example. Its ability to handle asynchronous data streams effectively ensures a smooth streaming experience for users.

Fintech Applications

Express.js is the framework of choice for building highly scalable fintech applications, thanks to its speed, flexibility, and scalability. Companies like PayPal and Capital One rely on Express.js for their fintech solutions.

Why Choose Express.js for Your Next Project – Advantages Explored

There are several compelling reasons to consider using Express.js for your next project:

Flexibility and Speed

Express.js offers rapid application development and comes with a powerful routing system, middleware support, and content negotiation features out of the box. Its minimalist design ensures faster development without compromising on flexibility.


Express.js has proven to be highly scalable, making it suitable for large-scale web applications. Its efficient handling of user requests and responses requires minimal configuration, making it a popular choice among developers.

Supported by Google V8 Engine

Express.js supports many packages powered by the Google V8 engine, ensuring high performance and scalability for complex applications. The Google V8 engine provides excellent speed and scalability, making Express.js a reliable choice for enterprise-level applications.

Community Support

Express.js boasts a large and active community of developers, providing extensive support, resources, and packages for any development challenges. Its open-source nature encourages collaboration and innovation, making it a preferred choice among Node.js developers.

Powerful Routing System and Middleware

Express.js features a robust routing system and middleware support, enabling developers to create maintainable and scalable applications. Its middleware functionality allows developers to intercept the flow of the application, enhancing security and performance.

Notable Limitations Of Express.js

Express.js, despite its popularity and versatility, does have some constraints that developers should be aware of:

Learning Curve

While Express.js is relatively easy to get started with, mastering its more advanced features and intricacies can take time and effort. Developers who are new to the framework may encounter challenges when building complex applications.

Minimalistic Nature

Express.js is intentionally designed to be minimalistic, which means it may lack certain built-in features found in other, more feature-rich frameworks. Developers may need to rely on third-party middleware or libraries to implement functionalities that are not included out of the box.

Middleware Overhead

While middleware provides flexibility and extensibility to Express.js applications, excessive use of middleware can introduce overhead and impact performance. Developers should carefully consider the number and complexity of middleware used in their applications to ensure optimal performance.

Scalability Concerns

While Express.js is suitable for building small to medium-sized applications, it may face scalability challenges when handling large-scale, high-traffic applications. Developers may need to implement additional strategies, such as load balancing and horizontal scaling, to ensure optimal performance under heavy loads.

Error Handling

Error handling in Express.js can be manual and verbose, especially when dealing with asynchronous code and complex error scenarios. Developers need to carefully handle errors to prevent them from impacting the stability and reliability of their applications.

Community Fragmentation

 The Express.js community is large and active, but it can also be fragmented, with different developers and organisations maintaining their middleware and libraries. This fragmentation can sometimes lead to compatibility issues and inconsistency in the ecosystem.

Limited Built-in Features

While Express.js provides a solid foundation for building web applications, it may lack some advanced features found in other frameworks. Developers may need to implement certain functionalities or rely on third-party libraries to fill the gaps.

Real-World Use Cases Of Express.js for Backend Web Development

Express.js is trusted by leading companies worldwide for backend development, including Fox Sports, Myntra, IBM, and Accenture. Its reliability, scalability, and flexibility make it a top choice for building enterprise-ready applications.

Which JavaScript Framework Is The Best?

This a tough one to answer and rest assured our attention is not to evade this question but there isn’t one framework that reigns supreme over others. 

Of course, we can be subjective and say a certain framework is better than the others for a specific reason. But that wouldn’t be a universal answer.

Think about it, there’s a reason why we have so many options out there. Each framework offers something different from the other, and going with a particular one is going to be primarily dictated by the scope of your web application.

To make it easier for you, use the following as a cheat sheet, if you will when selecting a Js framework for different use cases.

  • Angular – Enterprise-level web applications
  • Vue.js – prototyping, small to medium-sized web applications
  • React.js – single-page applications (SPAs), progressive web apps (PWAs)
  • React Native – Mobile application
  • Node.js – building APIs, microservices, real-time applications, and server-side rendering
  • Express.js – to complement other JS frameworks to build full-stack JS applications.

Conclusion – The Best JavaScript Frameworks of 2024

Choosing the right JavaScript framework is going to be an important decision that will shape the success of your web development projects. 

Whether you’re building a small prototype or a large-scale enterprise application, understanding the strengths and capabilities of each framework is essential for making an informed decision. React.js, Vue.js, Angular, Node.js, and Express.js each offer unique advantages and use cases, catering to a wide range of development needs and preferences. 

By evaluating your project requirements, and considering factors such as scalability, performance, and developer experience, you can select the framework that best aligns with your goals and objectives, empowering you to build powerful, efficient, and innovative web applications. 

If you’re still unsure about which framework is the right fit for your web development project, then don’t worry, we’re here to help! Share your project details with us, and one of our consultants will reach out very shortly. You want to grow and scale your business, we want to help you get there via innovation. Let’s make it happen!

Published On

February 12, 2024